A quantum cascade laser is a very unique semiconductor laser that has been first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories in 1994.
Wikipedia has some nice information on QCLs: Quantum cascade laser
This video (mpg4, 23 MB) shows how a QCL works. The first 10 seconds summarize the features of our software, the remaining 20 seconds show the animated simulation results. At 20 seconds, the QCL starts to lase: The electron density (figure on the right) shows the population inversion, i.e. the higher state has a larger electron population than the lower lasing state.
If you are interested in further tutorials, please contact stefan.birner [at] nextnano.com.
This figure shows the calculated electron density in a THz QCL.
This figure shows the calculated gain of a THz QCL.
nextnano software for QCLs
Download nextnano.QCL including an evaluation license.
2) nextnano3 & nextnano++
The following two papers give a very basic introduction to QCL modeling.